Volunteer in Ukraine :: Dnepropetrovsk

Dnipropetrovsk Oblast  is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine, the most important industrial region of the country. Its administrative center is Dnipropetrovsk.

Important cities within the oblast include: Dnipropetrovsk, Kryvyi Rih, Dniprodzerzhynsk, Nikopol

Dnipropetrovsk (Ukrainian: Дніпропетровськ [ˌdɲiprope̝ˈtrɔu̯sʲk]) or Dnepropetrovsk (Russian: Днепропетровск) formerly Yekaterinoslav (Russian:Екатеринослав, Ukrainian: Катеринослав, translit. Katerynoslav) is Ukraine's fourth largest city, with about one million inhabitants. It is located southeast of Ukraine's capital Kiev on the Dnieper River, in the south-central part of the country. Dnipropetrovsk is the administrative centre of theDnipropetrovsk Oblast.

Within the Dnipropetrovsk Metropolitan area the population is about 1,004,000  to 1,360,000 people.

Geography

The Dnipropetrovsk Oblast is located in southeastern Ukraine. The area of the oblast' (31,900 km²), comprises about 5.3% of the total area of the country.

Its longitude from north to south is 130 km, from east to west – 300 km. The oblast' borders the Poltava and Kharkiv Oblast's on the north, the Donetsk Oblaston the east, the Zaporizhzhia and Kherson Oblast's on the south, and the Mykolayiv and Kirovohrad Oblast's on the west.

Historical Sites

The following historical-cultural sites were nominated to the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

  • Stone divas (monuments of the Wild Steppes)
  • Tomb of kosh ataman Sirko
  • Troitsk Cathedral
  • Church of Virgin Mary birth
  • the walls of Ukrainian defensive line

Economy

Dnipropetrovsk is a major industrial centre of Ukraine. It has several facilities devoted to heavy industry that produce a wide range of products, including cast-iron, rolled metal, pipes, machinery, different mining combines, agricultural equipment, tractors, trolleybuses, refrigerators, different chemicals and many others  The most famous and the oldest (founded in the 19th century) is the Metallurgic Plant named after Petrovsky. The city also has big food processing and light industry factories. Many sewing and dress-making factories work for France, Canada, Germany and Great Britain, using the most advanced technologies, materials and design. Dnipropetrovsk has also dominated in the aerospace industry since the 1950s; construction department Yuzhnoye Design Bureau and Yuzhmashare well known to the specialists all over the world.

The Grand Hotel Ukraine, on the corner of Korolenko Street and Karla Marksa Prospekt. Peter Fetisov, the architect, built the hotel as an apartment building for Vladimir Hrennikov in 1910-14

Dniproavia, an airline, has its head office on the grounds of Dnipropetrovsk International Airport.

Attractions

Entrance to the Taras Shevchenko Park in Dnipropetrovsk.

The city has a variety of theatres (plus an Opera) and museums of interest to tourists. There are also several parks, restaurants and beaches.

The major streets of the city were renamed in honour of Marxist heroes during the Soviet era. The central thoroughfare is known as Karla Marksa Prospekt, a beautiful, wide and long boulevard that stretches east to west through the centre of the city. It was founded in the 18th century and parts of its buildings are the actual decoration of the city. In the heart of the city is Zhovtneva [October] Square, which includes the majestic cathedral founded by order of Catherine the Great in 1787

Karla Marksa Prospekt, Dnipropetrovsk's central avenue, features a green pedestrian boulevard.

On the square, there are some remarkable buildings: the Museum of History, Diorama "Battle for the Dnieper River (World War II)", and also the beautiful park in which one can rest in the hot summer. Walking down the hill to the Dnieper River, one arrives in the large Taras Shevchenko Park (which is on the right bank of the river) and on Monastyrsky Island. This island is one of the most interesting places in the city. In the 9th century, the Byzantine monks based a monastery here. It was destroyed by Mongol-Tatars in the 13th century.

While there is no longer any compact "old town" in Dnipropetrovsk, there are still many surviving buildings of historical interest. (Most of them, especially churches, were destroyed during World War II and Joseph Stalin's reign of terror in the 1930s.

A few areas retain their historical character: all of Central Avenue, some street-blocks on the main hill (the Nagorna part) between Pushkin Prospekt and Embankment, and sections near Globa (formerly known as Chkalov park until it was recently renamed) and Shevchenko parks have been untouched for 150 years.

The Dnieper River keeps the climate mild. It is visible from many points in Dnipropetrovsk. From any of the three hills in the city, one can see a beautiful view of the river, islands, parks, outskirts, river banks and other hills.

There was no need to build skyscrapers in the city in Soviet times. The major industries preferred to locate their offices close to their factories and away from the centre of town. In the last ten years since independence the price of real estate has increased considerably. Most new office buildings are built in the same architectural style as the old buildings. A number, however, display more modern aesthetics, and some blend the two styles.