Volunteer in Ukraine :: Khmelnitsky
  •                                      Khmelnytskyi Oblast 
Khmelnytskyi Oblast (UkrainianХмельницька областьtranslit. Khmel’nyts’ka oblast’; also referred to as KhmelnychchynaUkrainianХмельниччина) is an oblast (province) of western Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Khmelnytskyi.
 
Khmelnytskyi (UkrainianХмельни́цькийKhmel'nyts'kyRussianХмельни́цкий, Khmel'nitskyPolishChmielnicki) (until 1954, ProskurivUkrainian:Проскурів) is the administrative center of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) in central Ukraine. The city lies in the historic Podolia region on the banks of theSouthern Buh River.

Geography

Khmelnytskyi Oblast has a total area of 20,600 km2 (7,953.70 sq mi) (3.4% of the total area of Ukraine) is located between 48°27' and 50°37' north latitude and between 26°09' and 27°56' east longitude. It is 220 km (136.70 mi) long when measured from north to south, and is 120 km (74.56 mi) in length when measured from east to west. The oblast borders the Rivne Oblast to the northwest, the Zhytomyr Oblast to the northeast, the Vinnytsia Oblast to the east, the Chernivtsi Oblast to the south, and the Ternopil Oblast to the west.

Economy

The economy of the oblast mostly deals with the energy industry, transport and agriculture. The oblast is situated at a historical crossroad of the railway andhighway routes connecting Central Europe to Black Sea coast and Russia (with the city of Shepetivka being the most important railway junction). TheKhmelnyts’ka nuclear power plant in the city of Netishyn is the most important industrial company of the oblast. Notable machinery, armament and chemicalindustries are also present.

Natural resources

Due to its geographical location and natural resources Khmelnytskyi has always attracted foreigners, including Turks, Germans, Hungarians, Poles, Lithuanians, Austrians, Swedes and Russians.

The city has a favorable geographical position. The distance from Khmelnytskyi to Kyiv by the railway is 366 km (227 mi), by highway is 384 km (239 mi). The highways Kyiv-Lviv, Odesa-Lviv and Chernivtsi-Kyiv pass through the city. The city has an airport with a 2,200 m (7,217.85 ft) concrete runway; at the airport there is a check point for crossing the state border of Ukraine.

The city has convenient transport connections with Moscow, Prague, Bratislava, Warsaw, Budapest, Belgrade and all major Ukrainian cities. The city is crossed by one of the longest rivers of Ukraine – the Southern Bug.

The climate of the city is moderate-continental. The average temperature of the air in the warmest month (July) is 20 to 22 °C (68 to 72 °F), and in the coldest month (January) is -5 to -6 °C (23 to 21 °F). The maximum temperature in summer reaches 36 to 38 °C (97 to 100 °F), the minimum temperature in winter is -24 to -30 °C (-11 to -22 °F). The average annual temperature is 7 to 8 °C (45 to 46 °F). The average annual precipitation is 510 to 580 mm (20.08 to 22.83 in). The most widespread ground making layers are the following overburden: loess and loess-type rocks.

The ground-climatic conditions of the city are favorable for cultivation of winter wheat and rye, sugar beet, potato and other crops and for the development of gardening and vegetable growing.

On the territory of the city there is vegetation of two geobotanical zones of Ukraine: Polissya and forest-steppe.

In the region and in the city there are many rock products, particularly building materials: limestone, plaster, chalk, tripoli powder, crystal layers (granites, gneisses), sand and sandstones, and also graphite, saponite, kaolin, phosphorite, lithographic stone and roofing slate. There are deposits of peat, bitumen, shale and oil.

Points of interest

  • Proskurivska street, a modern central pedestrian street of the city, preserved buildings of the end of the 19th - the beginnings of 20th century in the styles of modernist, eclecticisms, Baroque, stone (characteristic only for Proskuriv).
  • The house of the former Oleksiyivske real school (now it is the building of the City Executive Committee)
  • The house of O. Brusilov (now is the House of Ceremonial events)
  • The church of Nativity of the Virgin (the first stone construction in the city)
  • The Protection cathedral
  • Saint-Georgiy church
  • Andriy Pervozvannyi church in "Dubovo" district