Volunteer in Ukraine :: Kirovograd



Kirovohrad Oblast

Kirovohrad Oblast (UkrainianКіровоградська областьtranslit. Kirovohrads’ka oblast’; also referred to as Kirovohradschyna -Ukrainian: Кіровоградщина) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kirovohrad.

Kirovohrad (Ukrainian: Кіровогра́д[kirowoˈɦrɑd̪]; Russian: Кировогра́дKirovograd), formerly Yelisavetgrad, is a city in centralUkraine. It is located on the Inhul River. It is a motorway junction. Pop. 239,400 (2004 est.).

Developed around a military settlement the city got to prominence in the 19th century when it became an important trade centre enjoying the rights of the Ukrainian culture promoter with the first professional theatrical company both in Central and Eastern Ukraine being established here in 1882.

In Soviet times the city rose to the status of an agricultural and light industry centre whose fame was due to such enterprises as Chervona Zirka Agricultural Machinery Plant (which once provided more than 50% of the USSR need in tractor seeders), Hydrosila Hydraulic Units Plant, Radiy Radio Component Plant, Pishmash Typewriter Plant (de facto defunct nowadays) etc. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Kirovohrad saw the imminent decline of the city's industrial potential and general socioeconomic value. The latter plus the poor reputation of local authorities with the city's population led to the widespread settled opinions that Kirovohrad belongs to the group of the low-developed regional capitals of Ukraine. Since 2002 the economics of Kirovohrad has been slowly reviving.

During the Ukrainian presidential election of 2004 the city got the country-wide notoriety because of mass election fraud committed by local authorities and long after that was known as District 100 (the community number according to Central Elections Committee).

Administrative status

The city is the administrative center of Kirovohrad Oblast, as well of surrounding Kirovohrad Raion within the oblast. However, the Kirovohrad is a city of oblast subordinance, thus being subject directly to the oblast authorities rather to the raion administration housed in the city itself. The municipality of Kirovohrad beside the Kirovohrad city council also includes Nove town council that represents the town of Nove.

Points of interest

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

  • Khutir Nadia
  • Saint Elizabeth fortress
  • Oblast art museum