Volunteer in Ukraine :: Lviv

Lviv Oblast (UkrainianЛьвівська областьtranslit. L’vivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as L’vivshchyna – Ukrainian: Львівщина) is an oblast (province) in western Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Lviv.

Geography

Grassy flatlands with rolling hills inDrohobych Raion

The terrain of Lviv Oblast is highly varied. The southern part is occupied by the low Beskyd (ukr: Бескиди) mountain chains running parallel to each other from northwest to southeast and covered with secondary coniferous forests as part of the Eastern Carpathians; the highest point is Pikuy (1408 m). North from there are the wide upper Dniester river valley and much smaller upper San River valley. These rivers have flat bottoms covered with alluvial deposits, and are susceptible to floods. Between these valleys and Beskyd lies the Precarpathian upland covered with deciduous forests, with well-known mineral spa resorts (see Truskavets, Morshyn). It's also the area of one of the earliest industrial petroleum and gas extraction. These deposits are all but depleted by now.

In the central part of the region lie Roztocze, Opillia, and part of the Podolia uplands. Rich sulphur deposits were mined here during the Soviet era. Roztocze is densely forested, while Opillia and Podolia (being covered with loess on which fertile soils develop) are densely populated and mostly covered by arable land. In the central-north part of the region lies the Small Polesia lowland, geographically isolated from the rest of Polesia but with similar terrain and landscapes (flat plains with sandy fluvioglacial deposits and pine forests). The far North of the region lies on the Volhynia upland, which is also covered with loess; coal is minedin this area.

Culture

Criterion II: In its urban fabric and its architecture, Lviv is an outstanding example of the fusion of the architectural and artistic traditions of central and eastern Europe with those of Italy and Germany.Lviv's historic centre has been on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage list since 1998. UNESCO gave the following reasons[75] for its selection:

Criterion V: The political and commercial role of Lviv attracted to it a number of ethnic groups with different cultural and religious traditions, who established separate yet interdependent communities within the city, evidence for which is still discernible in the modern town's landscape.

Architecture

Lviv's historic churches, buildings and relics date from the 13th century. In recent centuries it was spared some of the invasions and wars that destroyed otherUkrainian cities. Its architecture reflects various European styles and periods. After the fires of 1527 and 1556 Lviv lost most of its gothic-style buildings but it retains many buildings in renaissance, baroque and the classic styles. There are works by artists of the Vienna Secession, Art Nouveau and Art Deco.

The buildings have many stone sculptures and carvings, particularly on large doors,which are hundreds of years old. The remains of old churches dot the central cityscape. Some three- to five-storey buildings have hidden inner courtyards and grottoes in various states of repair. Some cemeteries are of interest: for example the Lychakivskiy Cemetery where the Polish elite were buried for centuries. Leaving the central area the architectural style changes radically as Soviet-era high-riseblocks dominate. In the centre of the city the Soviet era is reflected mainly in a few modern-style national monuments and sculptures.

Monuments in Lviv


Bronze sculpture dedicated to Nikifor, the famed folk and naïve painter of Lemkodescent.

Inside the Church of the Transfiguration.

St. George's Cathedral, former seat of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church

The Church of the Assumption.

Chapel of the Boim family

The Lviv Opera and Ballet Theatre, an important cultural centre for residents and visitors.

Renaissance yard of King Jan III SobieskiHouse

Dominican Church

Palace of Potocki family
Kryvka Church

City sculptures commemorate many people and topics reflecting the rich history of Lviv. There are monuments to:

  • Adam Mickiewicz
  • Ivan Franko
  • King Danylo
  • Taras Shevchenko
  • Ivan Fedorov
  • Solomiya Krushelnytska
  • Ivan Pidkova
  • Mykhailo Hrushevskyi
  • Pope John Paul II
  • Jan Kiliński
  • Ivan Trush
  • Saint George
  • Bartosz Głowacki
  • Monument to the Virgin Mary
  • Nikifor
  • The Good Soldier Švejk
  • Stepan Bandera
  • Leopold von Sacher-Masoch

During the interbellum period there were monuments commemorated to important figures of the history of Poland. Some of these were moved to the PolishRecovered Territories, like the monument of Aleksander Fredro which now is in Wrocław, the monument of King Jan III Sobieski which after 1945 was moved toGdańsk, and the monument of Kornel Ujejski which now is in Szczecin.