Volunteer in Ukraine :: Rivne

Rivne Oblast (Ukrainian: Рівненська область, translit. Rivnenska oblast) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Rivne. The area of theregion is 20,100 km²; its population (as of 2004-05-01) is 1.2 million. The Rivne Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 4, 1939.

Before the 1992 the region was officially known under its Russified version as Rovno Oblast, due to the russification. In the mass media it is often referred asRivnenshchyna - Ukrainian: Рівненщина.

Rivne Nuclear Power Plant is located in the oblast (near the city of Kuznetsovsk).

Rivne (Ukrainian: Рівне) or Rovno (Polish: Równe; Russian: Ровно) is a historic city in western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Rivne Oblast(province), as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Rivne Raion (district) within the oblast.

Rivne is an important transportation hub, with the international Rivne Airport, and rail links to Zdolbuniv, Sarny and Kovel, as well as highways linking it withBrest, Kiev and Lviv.

The estimated population was around 247,750 as of 2010.

Geography

The region is located almost in the middle of the historical region of Volhynia which is indicated on its coat of arms with a white cross on a red background. Volhynia was completely parted after the incorporation of the east Poland into the Soviet Union in September of 1939 and divided between three oblast, Volyn, Rivne, and Ternopil.

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

  • Ostroh Castle
  • Troitsk monastery (Korec)
  • Dubno Castle

Industry

During Soviet times the provincial town was transformed into an industrial center of the republic. There were two significant factories built. The first a machine building and metal processing factory capable of producing high-voltage apparatus, tractor spare parts and others. The other a chemical factory and synthetic materials fabrication plant. Light industry, including a linen plant and a textile mill, as well as food industries, including milk and meat processing plants and a vegetable preservation plant have also been built. In addition the city became a production center for furniture and other building materials.

Attractions

Church of the Assumption, 1756

Being an important cultural centre, Rivne hosts a humanities and a hydro-engineering university, as well as a faculty of the Kiev State Institute of Culture, and medical and musical as well as automobile-construction, commercial, textile, agricultural and cooperative polytechnic colleges. The city has a historical museum.

Following the fall of the Soviet Union the monument for the Soviet hero D.N.Medvedev was removed, and the N.I.Kuznetsov monument was moved to another location within the city. Instead, in order to reflect the controversial history of the region the monuments for "People died in the honour of Ukraine", and "Soldiers died in local military battles" were installed.

Buildings

  • Church of the Assumption (1756)
  • Cathedral of the Intercession (2001)
  • Cathedral of the Ascension (1890)
  • A classicism-style gymnasium building (1839)
  • During Soviet times the centre of the city from Lenin street to Peace Avenue (1963 architects R.D. Vais and O.I. Filipchuk) was completely rebuilt with Administrative and Public buildings in neo-classical,Stalinist style.