Volunteer in Ukraine :: Crimea, Simferopol

Crimea (pron.: /krˈmə/), is a peninsula of Ukraine located on the northern coast of the Black Sea with the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Ukrainian:

Crimea is now an autonomous parliamentary republic, within Ukraine,[6] which is governed by the Constitution of Crimea in accordance with the laws of Ukraine. The capital and administrative seat of the republic's government is the city of Simferopol, located in the center of the peninsula. Crimea's area is 26,200 square kilometres (10,100 sq mi) and its population was 1,973,185 as of 2007. Crimean Tatars, an ethnic minority who now make up about 12% of the population,[9] formed in Crimea in the late Middle Ages, after the Crimean Khanate had come into existence. The Crimean Tatars were forcibly expelled toCentral Asia by Joseph Stalin's government. After the fall of the Soviet Union, some Crimean Tatars began to return to the region.[10] According to the 2001 Ukrainian population census about 60% of the population of Crimea is (ethnic) Russian.[11]

Geography and climate

Sevastopol sunset.

Crimea is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea and on the western coast of the Sea of Azov, bordering Kherson Oblast from the North. There are two rural communities of Henichesk Raion in Kherson Oblast that are physically located on the peninsula, on the smaller peninsula Arabat Spit, Shchaslyvtseve and Strilkove. Although located in the southwestern part of the Crimean peninsula, the city of Sevastopol has a special but separatemunicipality status within Ukraine. Crimea's total land area is 26,100 km2 (10,077 sq mi).

Crimea is connected to the mainland by the 5–7 kilometres (3.1–4.3 mi) wide Isthmus of Perekop. At the eastern tip is the Kerch Peninsula, which is directly opposite the Taman Peninsula on the Russian mainland. Between the Kerch and Taman peninsulas, lies the 3–13 kilometres (1.9–8.1 mi) wideStrait of Kerch, which connects the waters of the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov. The peninsula consists of many other smaller peninsulas such as Arabat Spit, Kerch peninsulaHerakles peninsulaTarhan Qut peninsula and many others. Crimea also features other headlands such as Cape PriboinyCape Tarhan Qut,[citation needed] SarychNicholas CapeCape FonarCape FiolentQazan Tip,[citation needed] Cape Aq Burun, and many

Places of interest

[edit]Economy

Sevastopol, heart of Crimean economy

The main branches of the Crimean economy are tourism and agriculture.[citation needed] Industrial plants are situated for the most part in the northern regions of the republic. Important industrial cities include Dzhankoy, housing a major railway connection, Krasnoperekopsk and Armyansk, among others.

The most important industries in Crimea include food production, chemical fields, mechanical engineering and metal working, and fuel production industries.[30] Sixty percent of the industry market belongs to food production. There are a total of 291 large industrial enterprises and 1002 small business enterprises.[30]

The main branches of vegetation production in the region include cereals, vegetable-growing, gardening, and wine-making, particularly in the Yalta and Massandraregions. Other agricultural forms include cattle breeding, poultry keeping, and sheep breeding.[30] Other products produced on the Crimea Peninsula include salt,porphyrylimestone, and ironstone (found around Kerch).[39]

Tourism

The development of Crimea as a holiday destination began in the second half of the 19th century. The development of the transport networks brought masses of tourists from central parts of Russia. On the border of the centuries began a sensational developing of palaces, villas and dachas all saved till today. They are one of the main icons of Crimean urban characteristics and tourist destinations.

A new, phase of the tourist developing began when soviet government realised the potential of the healing abilities of the local air, lakes and therapeutic muds. It became a "health" destination for all Soviet workers, hundreds of thousands of the tourists visited Crimea. Nowadays Crimea is more of a get away destination than a "health-improvement" destination. Most visited areas are: the south shore of Crimea with cities of Yalta and Alushta, the western shore - Eupatoria and Saki, the south-eastern shore - Feodosia and Sudak.

Crimea possesses significant historical and natural resources and is a region where it is possible to find practically any type of landscape; mountain ranges and plateaus, grasslands, caves. Further Saki poses unique therapeutic mud and Eupatoria has vast empty beaches with the purest quartz sand.[37]

According to National Geographic, Crimea is among the top 20 travel destinations in 2013.[38]

Professional travel and language assistance guides are available from specialized local agencies providing such services to English speaking travelers to Crimea, Ukraine, such as Trip2Crimea.com or others.

[edit]Places of interest