Volunteer in Ukraine :: Volyn

Volyn Oblast

Volyn Oblast (UkrainianВолинська областьtranslit. Volyns’ka oblast’; also referred to as Volyn’) is an oblast (province) in north-western Ukraine. Itsadministrative center is LutskKovel is the westernmost town and the last station in Ukraine of the rail line running from Kiev to Warsaw.

VolhyniaVolynia, or Volyn (Ukrainian: Волинь Volyn', Russian: Волы́нь Volyn', Polish: Wołyń, Lithuanian: Voluinė or Volynė, German: Wolhynien orWolynien, Yiddish: Volin װאָלין) was a historic region in Eastern Europe straddling Poland and Ukraine. It was annexed after the Second World War into the Soviet Union as Ukraine pushed its borders westwards replacing the Polish and Jewish populations but, since the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, it forms a part of western Ukraine. It is between the rivers Prypiat and Southern Bug, to the north of Galicia and Podolia.

The region is named for the former city of Volyn or Velyn, said to have been located on the Southern Bug River, whose name may come from the Proto-Slavic root *vol/vel- 'wet.' In addition to Poles, Russians and Ukrainians, the region historically had one of the biggest Jewish populations in the world. Territories of historical Volhynia now form the Volyn, Rivne, and parts of Zhytomyr, Ternopil and Khmelnytskyi Oblasts of Ukraine, as well as parts of Poland(see Chełm). Major cities include Lutsk, Rovno/Rivne, Kovel, Kremenets (Ternopil Oblast), Volodymyr-Volynskyi, and Starokostiantyniv (Khmelnytskyi Oblast). Many Jewish shtetls (villages) like Trochenbrod and Lozisht were once an integral part of the region.

Historical Sites

The following historical-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

  • Upper Castle
  • Volodymyr-Volynsky historical-cultural complex
  • Villa-museum of Lesia Ukrainka
  • Painting of the Holm's Virgin Mary