Volunteer in Ukraine :: Zaporizhzhya

Zaporizhia Oblast

Zaporizhia Oblast (Ukrainian: Запорізька область, translit. Zaporiz'ka oblast’; also referred to as Zaporizhzhya – Ukrainian: Запоріжжя) is an oblast(province) of southern Ukraine. Its capital is Zaporizhia.

This oblast is an important part of Ukraine's industry and agriculture.

Zaporizhia (UkrainianЗапорі́жжяtranscript. Zaporizhzhia or Zaporizhzhya), or Zaporozhye (RussianЗапоро́жьеtranscript. Zaporozh'ye) [formerly Alexandrovsk (RussianАлександровск)] is a city in southeastern Ukraine, situated on the banks of the Dnieper River. It is the administrative center of theZaporizhia Oblast (province). Currently the city is the sixth largest one in Ukraine and has population of 776,000 people (as of 2011)

Points of interest

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

  • Kamyana Mohyla, prehistoric "Stone Tomb" site (museum-preserve)
  • Khortytsia
  • Dniprostroy
 

Economy and transport

Industry

Industry and river port

Zaporizhia is an important industrial center of Ukraine, the country's main car manufacturing company, the Motor-Sich world-famous aircraft engine manufacturer. Well supplied with electricity, Zaporizhia forms, together with the adjoining Donets Basin and the Nikopol manganese and Kryvyy Rih iron mines, one of Ukraine's leading industrial complexes.

After the end of the Russian Revolution, the city became an important industrial center. The presence of cheap labor and the proximity of deposits of coal, iron ore, and manganese created favorable conditions for large-scale enterprises of the iron and mechanical engineering industry. Today Zaporizhia is an important industrial centre of the region with heavy industry (particularly metallurgy), aluminium, and chemical industry. In the city cars, avia motors, radioelectronics are manufactured. The port of Zaporizhia is an important place of transshipment for goods from the Donbass. Zaporizhstal, Ukraine's fourth largest steel maker, ranks 54th in the world and is based in the city.

Electricity generation

Zaporizhia also has a big electricity generating complex catering to industrial demand. The city is a home for the hydroelectric power plant known as "DnieproGES" Dnieper Hydroelectric Station located inside the city. The largest nuclear power plant in Europe, the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant is located near the Enerhodar, around 60 km from Zaporizhia.

Transportation

The Zaporizhia transportation system includes roadway, rail, river and air options for passenger and freight transit. Public city transport includes buses, minivans, trams, trolleybuses and railways. The city has two railway stations, Zaporizhia-the-First and Zaporizhia-the-Second. The First is the central station. It is located in the southern part of the city and is a part of the "north-south" transit route Simferopol-Moscow. The line of the Zaporizhia-the-Second station connects the Donbass coalfield with Kryvoi Rog iron ore site. Two river ports connect Kiev to Kherson and cutter boats travel between Zaporizhia and nearby villages. The city's sole airport includes both domestic and international flights.

Environmental problems

The city was very much an 'industrial city' during Soviet times, with all the consequences in terms of pollution that might be expected. The move to a market economy since the independence of Ukraine has seen the demise of some of these concerns. This has improved the air qualit

Culture

'Fountain of Life' in Zaporizhia (built in 2004) with the daily exhibition of Zaporizhzhian artists.

The cultural background of Zaporizhia is creating by philharmonic, a number of museums, theaters, libraries. Among them are:

  • Magara Academic Drama Theatre
  • Municipal Theatre Lab «VIE»
  • Theatre for Young People
  • Theatre of Horse Riding «Zaporizhzhian Cossacks»
  • Zaporizhia Regional Museum
  • National Museum of Zaporizhzhian Cossacks History
  • Zaporizhia Regional Art Museum
  • Gorky Zaporizhia Regional Public Library

There are a lot of small amateur groups, folk music and song bands, art galleries in Zaporizhia. The city is regularly held festivals and feasts, competitions of the Cossack martial arts and exhibitions of people art masters.

Zaporizhia has an open-air exhibition-and-sale of Zaporizhzhia city association of artists «Kolorit» near the 'Fountain of Life' at the Mayakovskoho square. A daily exhibition of artists' organizations of the city is a unique place in Zaporizhzhia, where people can communicate with craftsmen and artists, watch classes of carving, embroidery, beading and other creative works, receive lessons from professional artists, designers, cartoonists.

Some attractions

The Island of Khortytsia (sizes 2x12 km) is located in the geographical center of the city. The city embraces the island by banks of the New and Old Dnieper streams. Two concrete bridges connect the Island to the city. They have been designed and constructed by the engineer Boris N. Preobrazhensky in 1952. Two level bridges have height about 54 meters. High level of the bridges is intended for rail and bottom – for cars and pedestrians.

The historical and cultural museum "Zaporizhian Sich" is placed on the northern rocky part of the Island of Khotritsa. The museum is the reconstructed stronghold of the Zaporizhian Cossacs. All features of the military cossack's camp life and their lifestyle are presented in the museum.

The smaller islands are located between the dam and the island of Khortytsia. Each of these islands has its own legend. On one of them named Durnya Scala (Rock of the Fool) Tzar Peter the Greatpunished the Cossacks by flogging for their betrayal on the side of Charles XII of Sweden during the Great Northern War between Russia and Sweden.

The another small island, named Stolb (Pillar), has a geological feature, which looks like a large bowl in granite slabs, it's diameter equals 1,4 м, the depth – 1 м. This bowl has name Cossack's bowl. People say that in summer days under the hot sun, it is easy to boil water in this "bowl" and the Cossacks have used it for cooking galushki (boiled dough in a spicy broth)

The panoramic view of the DnieproHES from the island of Khortytsia is very impressive. The straight and long Lenin avenue (10 km) ends in the SotsGorod near the Dam, which built up of the constructivist architecture of the 20th century.